In “Majority is not Enough: Bitcoin Mining is Vulnerable”, Eyal and Sirer study a Bitcoin mining strategy called selfish mining . Under selfish mining, miners strategically withhold blocks to cheat Bitcoin’s mining incentive system. This represents a ‘tragedy of the commons’ in which selfish behavior is incentivized over honest behavior, eventually causing most miners to adopt the selfish strategy, despite it being harmful to Bitcoin  as a whole.
Christian Decker,et al.
Information propagation in the Bitcoin network
IEEE P2P 2013 Proceedings.
An Analysis of Bitcoin
Emin Gün Sirer,et al.
Majority Is Not Enough: Bitcoin Mining Is Vulnerable
Meni Rosenfeld,et al.
Analysis of Bitcoin Pooled Mining Reward Systems
Michael O. Rabin.
Transaction Protection by Beacons
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Jeremy Clark,et al.
On the Use of Financial Data as a Random Beacon
An Analysis of the Bitcoin Electronic Cash System
Joshua A. Kroll,et al.
The Economics of Bitcoin Mining, or Bitcoin in the Presence of Adversaries
Theoretical Bitcoin Attacks with less than Half of the Computational Power (draft)
IACR Cryptol. ePrint Arch..
A security analysis of the NTP protocol version 2
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